[hist-analytic] A Chronology of 20th Century Analytic Philosophy

Steven Gimbel sgimbel at gettysburg.edu
Wed Feb 18 09:36:46 EST 2009


Brouwer's lecture at Vienna which had significant tangible effects on
the works of at least Godel, Wittgenstein, and Carnap -- all of whom
were likely in the room (we know Carnap and Wittgenstein, although there
is scholarly debate about whether Godel was present or merely got the
notes).

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Subject: A Chronology of 20th Century Analytic Philosophy

"Philosophy is entire -- Poodles described  as 'our man in early modern 
philosophy' is maligned: you cannot specialise in  one period like that.
He being 
described as 'our man in aesthetics' is equally  malignifying.
 
       Without our belief (which may be  religious in nature) that there

_is_, especially, a _longitudinal unity_ of  philosophy -- why bother??!
 
 
"The Years In Between"
 
Is there a _date_ in the history of twentieth century analytic
philosophy  
that you deem _crucial_? Tarski? Lukasiewicz? Geach? Anscombe?
Wittgenstein? 
 
In the process of compiling a chronology we should be aware that date of

publication should be expanded, in a sort of 'catalogue raisonee', to
include  
tidbits about what lapse the publication covers. In the case of
Wittgenstein  
this is particularly noteworthy.
 
Feel free to contribute!
 
In a message dated 2/16/2009 4:06:04 P.M. Eastern Standard Time,  
baynesrb at yahoo.com writes in "Compiling an anthology"

>Here there are two options, at least,
>within this option. One is  to include few long essays with greater
>generality of content; or,  second, to have many shorter essays
>spanning a wider field, also. For  example, on the one hand
>Chpt. 2 of Word and Object would be good, but  it's long. But what 
>about an anthology that includes short, seldom read  papers.
>Take "Ontological Reduction and the World of Numbers." Much  
>fuss has resulted from Lowenheim/Skolem in Putnam and Quine
>and  others. But in this little essay there is, I think, the basis for
a
>firm  intuitive understanding of what is at issue (the "proxy
function"
>etc)
>If anyone has any suggestions on content, length,  marketability,
>etc. let me know. 

Chronologies are bad! I am just reading bio of Verdi by Boden, and he
has  
this 'chronological table' (events in Verdi's life, other events, etc.)
which  
can make for hard reading! But I was thinking of a chronology of
analytic  
philosophy. Personally, I'd do Aristotle and scholastics -- isn't
'analytic  
philosophy' dubbed for many, 'the new scholastic'? :)) but inspired by
Soames  
("Philosophical Analysis in the 20th Century" Princeton) I guess listers
for a  
change can focus on the 20th century!
 
I look at myself and see that all I can provide is a list or checklist
as  
they say, of Grice! So here it goes, bits of it
 
* * * * *
 
The 1940s. Grice was active philosophically in Oxford since the 1930s,
and  
some of his unpublications date from the 1930s. He was impressed by what
he 
'saw  and heard' about Vienna, he recalls in "Life and Opinions". He was
a 
disciplined  student with Hardie. 
 
1941. Personal Identity, by Grice. Mind. This was when Mind was edited
by  
Moore and had I think the subtitle, a review of psychology and
philosophy",  
hence the title: 'mind'.
 
1948. date Grice gives for 'Meaning' in WOW. 
 
* * * * *
 
The 1950s
 
 
1956. In defense of a dogma (Grice/Strawson) PR -- a reply to Quine's
two  
dogmas of empiricism.
 
1957. Meaning. PR. By Grice (dated 1948, apparently submitted to PR by  
Strawson!)
 
1957. "Metaphysics" (with Pears and Strawson): a rather 'for-the-masses'
bit 
compiled in Pears, "The nature of metaphysics" (London, Macmillan) --  
originally one of those 'boring' (my aunt called them) 'third'
programmes 
 
* * * * *
 
The 1960s
 
* * * * *
 
1961. Causal theory of perception. Grice. Aristotelian Society. This was
a  
symposium with White (the Australian philosopher) and chaired by
Braithwaite in 
 Cambridge. Warnock seems to have been the only one who cared to publish

White's  reply, poor thing.
 
Austin gets his posthumous "Philosophical Papers" published.
 
1966. Some remarks about the senses. Grice In R. J. Butler, "Analytic  
Philosophy". Butler was an Oxonian. And this was a Blackwell title, I
think.  
There's little by way of editorial or introduction. And Grice makes a
passing  
footnote reference to Albritton and O. P. Wood -- the latter of Hereford
College. 
 
 
* * * * * 
 
* Grice had been appointed Professor of Philosophy at UC/Berkeley in
1967.
 
The 1970s
 
1971. Intention and uncertainty. Grice. He became a FBA, and this is the

annual Henriette Herz (sp?) philosophical trust lecture. Published both
in  
Proceedings and as a separatum by Clarendon Press. Grice makes passing
reference  
to Anscombe, Kenny, Pears, Prichard. Meant to be a sort of reply to  the
more 
influential essay Hart/Hampshire on "Intention and _certainty_",  Mind.
 
1975. Logic and conversation, ii. Published in Davidson/Harman (what I
call  
a two-column book, in terms of format). Grice would quote from this
rather 
than  the Cole/Morgan same year reprint.
 
1975b. From the banal to the bizarre: method in philosophical
psychology.  
Addresses APA (Pacific Division -- Presidential Address), now repr. in  
"Conception of Value". Grice makes passing reference to Ramsey, Ryle,
Aristotle,  
Myro, and Wittgenstein ("No psychological predicates without
behaviour"). 
 
1978. Further notes on logic and conversation. iii. In Cole, Pragmatics.

Academic Press.
 
* * * * * 
 
The 1980s.
 
1981. Presupposition and conversational implicature. In Cole, Radical  
Pragmatics. Academic Press.
 
1982. Meaning revisited. In N. Smith, "Mutual knowledge" a symposium
held  in 
Sussex. Academic Press. Repr. in WOW.
 
1986. 'Life and Opinions of Paul Grice', part of 'Reply to Richards'. 
 
1987. Lot of stuff: "Valediction" etc.
 
1988. Actions and Events, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly. 
 
1988. Grice dies in August.
 
* * * * * *
posthumous, for another day!
 
I guess a more complete chronology would have dates for _Books_ by
Strawson, 
Hampshire, Austin, Warnock, Hare, Pears, Nowell-Smith, Urmson,  Thomson,

(etc.). That would restrict us to the 'playgroup' of Saturday
morningers.
 
A more complete chronology would add stuff by members of the "other"
group,  
led by Ryle, 'the seniors'. Few of them were 'analytic' in the broad
sense,  
though. "Ordinary language", or "Oxford philosophy" being more
appropriate  
labels.
 
Another chronology would have what I call 'Grice-influential': books by

Schiffer ("Meaning", 1972), Fodor, Dennett, ...
 
--------
 
Then someone would have to provide key dates for Quine and the Quineans,

Davidson and the Davidsonians, Dummett and the Dummettians, and some
Cambridge  
stuff, too!
 
----
 
 
Cheers,

JL
 
 
 
 
 




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