[hist-analytic] R. B. Jones's Aristotle
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Wed Jun 3 11:42:57 EDT 2009
I am fascinated by the pdf that R. B. Jones has made public to
and not just because it mentions Grice!
I intend to spend some time browsing at it, and hopefully providing VERY
i. I loved R. B. Jones's idea that indeed it's best to work with the
underlying logic in Aristotle's system with any 'calculus' that may have been
available to Aristotle. Jones provides three models for the syllogistic --
none of which involves the standard first-order predicate logic with which
some of us are familiar. These three models concern the standard syllogistic
-- without the 'existential fallacy'; the syllogistic-cum-existential
fallacy; and the modal syllogistic.
ii. R. B. Jones has nicely harmonized the passage from the syllogistic --
and I'm pleased the Ell. Soph. is now available at his site -- to the
metaphysics, and I'm also pleased he has been able to find the Greek titles for
the books -- apres Smith.
iii. This is not meant as a criticism, but I loved his square bracket
references sections, and I'm pleased he has been able to make such good use of
the Code. Since Grice is not credited as _author_ per se in the references,
allow me to drop them here. I would have:
Grice . Aristotle on being and good. The
Philosophy of Aristotle. A conference at the
University of Victoria, sponsored by the
Canada Council. January. Section III:
"Semantic Multiplicity and Copulative
as quoted by Code in his footnote.
In any case, that reference may now be updated -- Code was writing in 1986
-- and his paper was published in 1988, as R. B. Jones notes --. In 1988
Grice died, in August. In September (I assume) 1988, Brian Loar was able to
submit the Grice paper on Aristotle (referred to by Code) to the Pacific
The reference being
Grice 1988. Aristotle on the multiplicity of being.
Pacific Philosophical Quarterly. 69:175-200.
Indeed, as Code notes, Grice's interest in that study is many and varied,
but there is a _specific_ section where he develops the 'izz' and the
'hazz'. Grice was able to add the Code reference in a footnote -- with words to
the effect: Code has provided some formal definitions in terms of izz and
hazz in "Aristotle: Essence and Accident".
I know R. B. Jones is trying to be Aristotelian and rightly so, rather
than Gricean (I _know_ I don't have a lot of time in my hands as I write this
post, so I'll summarise). But it strikes me that a _good_ (very good)
reference to deal with the 'existential fallacy' is indeed Grice's "Vacuous
Names", which he presented to the Quine festschrift. "Words and Objections" ed.
Davidson and Hintikka -- with a "Reply to Grice" by Quine himself. While
not necessarily focusing on the existential fallacy:
All of the books I own are in French
But I have no books.
--- Strawson 1952 -- quoting "H. P. Grice" for the account of this oddity
in terms of 'implicature' -- Grice deals with even perhaps more basic
stuff: the existential 'commitments' of any claim, and not just 'universal'.
I particularly like that essay by Grice because it is _very_ formal. Grice
somehow recollected his formalistic years with endearment. "I stopped
being so formal when, of all people, Hilary Putnam, advised me too". ('Life and
I think it is _very_ plausible (but surely hardwork but none of it to be
wasted) to provide a unified account of Aristotle's
syllogistic-cum-metaphysics, to include, even, the modal inferences.
This to let R. B. Jones have my appreciation for the neat work he has
J. L. Speranza
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