[hist-analytic] Grice on "the king of France" as non-controversial common-ground, etc.
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Tue Feb 9 15:03:01 EST 2010
In a message dated 2/9/2010 10:08:35 A.M. Eastern Standard Time,
rbj at rbjones.com writes:
This looks like a muddle to me JL.
Iota is usually a "VBTO", a variable binding term operator, and would be
to make a definite description (ix. Kx) from a predicate such as
"King of France"
The whole would then be rendered:
If you want to demonstrate Russell's theory of descriptions by such a
then its tricky, because the bound variable in the description has to be
outside (the description) for the assertion, so there isn't any easy way
abbreviate the full statement, which would have been something like:
(there exists a unique x such that Kx), and ~B x
Problems with the scope of x there, so you spell it out :
exists x s.t. Kx and (forall y Ky => y = x) and ~Bx
I don't think there is any strictly correct transcription into a FL of
something which in natural languages yields sentences of doubtful status.
I don't think that it is true to say that:
The King of France is not bald
means the same as:
Its not true that the King of France is bald
The latter is less contentious than the former, to which I would not
Neither Russell's theory of descriptions not the use of a definite
operator gets this distinction, for those of us who don't like to affirm
falsity of the "the king of france is bald".
---- I discussed this elsewhere under "Shuga-free". Grice discusses Sluga's
proposal in his "Presupposition and Conversational Implicature" but
dropped the Sluga reference -- actually it had come out as "Shuga" in the Cole
book -- in WoW:xviii --
What Grice learnt from "Shuga" (as I call Sluga) had to do with the
'alleged' ambiguity of 'negation'. In order to deal with the ambiguity of
"The author of "Sein und Zeit" wears a moustache"
"Shuga" thought it important to distinguish the formal treatment of 'the'
('der', in German). According to _one_ account, 'the' comes out as a
(this is the option Grice favoured). According to the other account, 'the'
(or 'der') comes out as a _quantifier_.
(ix)Zx & Mx
there is an x such that x is the author of 'Sein und Zeit' and x wears a
where the predicates Z and M are extensionally defined as:
Z: ... is the author of "Sein und Zeit"
M: ... wears a moustache.
The influence of Frege is obvious here, since Grice especially liked of
"Shuga" that he had read Frege _well_ (in the vernacular).
Hans Sluga should be grateful that Grice gricefully misquoted his surname
as "Shuga", rather than "Slug".
J. L. Speranza
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