[hist-analytic] Grice on the intension/extension reduction
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Jlsperanza at aol.com
Sun Feb 7 00:58:32 EST 2010
Further to the comparison Grice/Carnap -- a revisit of the bete noire Grice
selects to fight in his best 'gladiatorial' (to echo Jones's apt simile)
manner in "Reply to Richards"
Grice selects "Extensionalism", "a position imbued with the
spirit of Nominalism and dear both to those who feel that (b) is no more
informative an answer to the question (a) than would be (d) as an answer
a: Why is a pillar box called 'red'?
b: Because it is red.
c: And why is that person called 'Paul Grice'?
d: Because he is Paul Grice.
The picture of Extensionalism Grice presents is: "a world of PARTICULARS
as a domain stocked with tiny pellets ... distinguish[ed] by the clubs to
which they belong". "The potential consequences of the possession of in
UNEXEMPLIFIED features [or properties] would be ... the same." One may
want to "relieve a certain VACUOUS predicate ... by exploiting the
NON-VACUOUSNESS of other predicates which are constituents in the
definition of the
original vacuous predicate." Grice exemplifies with two vacuous
1 -- " ... is married to a daughter of an English queen and a pope"; 2 --
... is a climber on hands and knees of a 29,000 foot mountain." By
appealing to different "relations" to the 'primitive' predicates, one can
such _distinct_ relations, rather than the empty set which each vacuous
predicate is made equivalent to. His objection to this move has to do with
what he feels an adhocness in defining the relations as involving
predicates. -- the relevant passage is available as google books --. (p.
70). A second way out to the alleged problem involves 'trivial' versus
'non-trivial' explanations: "the explanatory opportunities for vacuous
depend on their embodiment in a system". His caveat here is purely
ontological: "I conjecture, but cannot demonstrate, that the only way to
such a system would be to confer SPECIAL ONTOLOGICAL privilege upon the
ENTITIES of PHYSICAL SCIENCE..." -- But that's Eddington "non-visible"
Grice notes: "It looks AS IF states of affairs in the ... scientific
need, for credibility, support from the vulgar world of ORDINARY
OBSERVATION..." -- Eddington's _visible_ 'table'.
And this, he feels would be an 'embellisment' in need of some
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the hist-analytic