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Aristotle - The Organon - index for ANALYTICA POSTERIORA Book 2 Part 17

Must identical effects have identical causes?

  
Paragraph 1 Can the cause of an identical effect be not identical in every instance of the effect but different?
Paragraph 2 The truth is that cause, effect, and subject are reciprocally predicable in the following way.
Paragraph 3 We may illustrate as follows.
Paragraph 4 If an explanation in formal terms of the inter-relation of cause and effect is demanded, we shall offer the following.
Paragraph 5 Thus, B is the cause of A's inherence in the species of D:
Paragraph 6 We conclude, then, that the same effect may have more than one cause, but not in subjects specifically identical.


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