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Aristotle - The Organon - index for TOPICA Book 5 Part 4

Whether what is stated is or is not a Property

  
Paragraph 1 The inquiry, then, whether the property has been correctly rendered or no, should be made by these means.
Paragraph 2 Firstly, then, for destructive purposes, take a look at each subject of which he has rendered the property, and see (e.g.) if it fails to belong to any of them at all, or to be true of them in that particular respect, or to be a property of each of them in respect of that character of which he has rendered the property:
Paragraph 3 Next, for destructive purposes, see if the description fails to apply to that to which the name applies, and if the name fails to apply to that to which the description applies:
Paragraph 4 Next, for destructive purposes, see if he has rendered a subject as a property of that which is described as 'in the subject':
Paragraph 5 Next, for destructive purposes, see if he has rendered the property as partaken of:
Paragraph 6 Next, for destructive purposes, see if the property cannot possibly belong simultaneously, but must belong either as posterior or as prior to the attribute described in the name:
Paragraph 7 Next, for destructive purposes, see if the same thing fails to be a property of things that are the same as the subject, so far as they are the same:
Paragraph 8 Next, for destructive purposes, see if the property of things that are the same in kind as the subject fails to be always the same in kind as the alleged property:
Paragraph 9 Inasmuch as 'same' and 'different' are terms used in several senses, it is a job to render to a sophistical questioner a property that belongs to one thing and that only.


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