Aristotle - The Organon - index for DE SOPHISTICIS ELENCHIS Section 2 Part 10

Argument against the word, and against the thought

Paragraph 1 It is no true distinction between arguments which some people draw when they say that some arguments are directed against the expression, and others against the thought expressed:
Paragraph 2 It is, too, altogether absurd to discuss Refutation without first discussing Proof:
Paragraph 3 But, to return to the point whence our argument digressed, are mathematical reasonings directed against the thought, or not?
Paragraph 4 Moreover, if the expression bears many senses, while the answerer does not understand or suppose it to have them, surely the questioner here has directed his argument against his thought! Or how else ought he to put his question except by suggesting a distinction-suppose one's question to be speaking of the silent possible or not?'
Paragraph 5 If, however, any one claims that one should actually draw the distinction, and say, 'By "speaking of the silent" I mean, in one sense this and in the other sense that', surely to claim this is in the first place absurd (for sometimes the questioner does not see the ambiguity of his question, and he cannot possibly draw a distinction which he does not think to be there):

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