Aristotle - The Organon - index for DE SOPHISTICIS ELENCHIS Section 3 Part 18

Making a distinction versus demolishing a premiss

Paragraph 1 Inasmuch as a proper solution is an exposure of false reasoning, showing on what kind of question the falsity depends, and whereas 'false reasoning' has a double meaning - for it is used either if a false conclusion has been proved, or if there is only an apparent proof and no real one - there must be both the kind of solution just described, and also the correction of a merely apparent proof, so as to show upon which of the questions the appearance depends.

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