Index for Chapter VI
Of Universal Propositions: their Truth and Certainty
- 1. Treating of words necessary to knowledge.
- 2. General truths hardly to be understood, but in verbal
- 3. Certainty twofold- of truth and of knowledge.
- 4. No proposition can be certainly known to be true, where the
real essence of each species mentioned is not known.
- 5. This more particularly concerns substances.
- 6. The truth of few universal propositions concerning substances
is to be known.
- 7. Because necessary co-existence of simple ideas in substances
can in few cases be known.
- 8. Instance in gold.
- 9. No discoverable necessary connexion between nominal essence of
gold and other simple ideas.
- 10. As far as any such co-existence can be known, so far universal
propositions may be certain.
- 11. The qualities which make our complex ideas of substances
depend mostly on external, remote, and unperceived causes.
- 12. Our nominal essences of substances furnish few universal
propositions about them that are certain.
- 13. Judgment of probability concerning substances may reach further:
- 14. What is requisite for our knowledge of substances.
- 15. Whilst our complex ideas of substances contain not ideas of
their real constitutions, we can make but few general certain
propositions concerning them.
- 16. Wherein lies the general certainty of propositions.
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