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Chronological List of "Western" Philosophers

Thales 585 bc
Milesian.
Anaximander 610-546+bc
Milesian.
Anaxagoras c500-432 bc
Anaximenes before 494 bc, c540 bc
Milesian.
Pythagoras 532 bc
Xenophanes of Colophon late 6th C bc, c520 bc
Eleatic
Heracleitus of Ephesus c535-c475 bc
Everything changes.
Parmenides c500-450 bc
Leader of the Eleatic School
Nothing changes.
Zeno of Elea c490-430 bc
Eleatic
Empedocles of Agrigentum c450 bc
Pluralist
Anaxagoras of Claxomenae c450 bc
Pluralist
Leucippus of Miletus c440 bc
Atomist
Melissus c500-440+ bc
Eleatic
Protagoras 500-432+bc
Chief of the Sophists
Gorgias c485-380 bc
Sophist
Socrates 470-399 bc
Democritus c460-370 bc
Plato 428-348 bc
Aristotle 384-322 bc
Antisthenes c445-365 bc
pupil of Gorgias and the Socrates
Diogenese
Cynic; alleged follower of Antisthenes.
Pyrrho c365-270 bc
Sceptic
Timon -> 235 bc
Sceptic
Arcesilaus -> 240 bc
Sceptic
Carneades c 180-110 bc
Sceptic
Clitomachus
Sceptic
Antiochus -> 69 bc
Epicurus 342-271 bc
Epicurean
Zeno late 4th C bc
Stoic.
Marcus Aurelius 121-180
Stoic
Plotinus 204-270
Neo-Platonist.
Origen 185-254
Saint Jerome 345-420
Saint Ambrose 340
Saint Augustine 354-430
Pope Gregory the Great 540->
Saint Benedict 480-543
John the Scot c 800-877
Saint Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274
Roger Bacon 1214-1249
Duns Scotus 1270-1308
William of Occam c1285-1349
Saint Benaventuro 1221-1274
Matthew of Aquasparta 1235-1302
Machiavelli 1469-1527
Sir Thomas Moore 1478-1535
Erasmus 1466-1536
Copernicus 1473-1543
Brahe 1546-1601
Bacon 1561-1626
Gallileo 1564-1642
Kepler 1571-1630
Mersennes 1588-1648
Hobbes 1588-1679
Gassendi 1592-1655
Constructive Sceptic
Descartes 1596-1650
Spinoza 1632-1677
Locke 1632-1704
Newton 1642-1727
Leibniz 1646-1716
Bayle 1647-1706
Sceptic
Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle 1657-1757
Berkeley 1685-1753
Charles de Sécondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu 1689-1755
M. de Voltaire (born François Marie Arouet) 1694-1778
Philosophe
Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis 1698-1759
Proto-positivist?
Julien Offray de La Mettrie 1709-1751
Hume 1711-1776
Positivist
Rousseau 1712-1778
Romantic
Denis Diderot 1713-1784
Philosophe, encyclopaedist
D'Alembert 1717-1783
Philosophe, mathematician, encyclopaedist, proto-positivist
Kant 1724-1804
Jeremy Bentham 1748-1832
Utilitarian.
Hegel 1770-1831
James Mill 1773-1836
Bernard Bolzano 1781-1848
Schopenhaur 1788-1860
Auguste Comte 1798-1857
Positivist.
John Stuart Mill 1806-1873
Karl Marx 1818-1883
Marxist (perhaps)
Nietzsche 1844-1900
Gottlob Frege 1848-1825
Bertrand Russell 1872-1965
Instigator with Moore of "analytic" philosophy (later so named).
G.E. Moore 1873-1958
Instigator with Bertrand Russell of "analytic" philosophy (later so named).
Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889-1951
Rudolf Carnap 1891-1970
Logical Positivist.
Alfred Tarski 1901-1983
Logician
Alonzo Church 1903-1995
Logician
Willard Van Ormon Quine 1908-2000
Logical Empiricist.
Saul Kripke 1940-
Logician


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