It is, so far as we know, in ancient Greece that deduction first comes to play an explicit epistemological role. Its first successes are in mathematics, here we first see mathematics as a deductive science.

Alongside this we see a transition from theological to metaphysical ways of thinking about the world. This transition partly concerns the kinds of explanation which are offered, and partly concerns by whom and in what way these explanations originate.

Roger Bishop Jones 2016-01-07