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Notes by RBJ on

A Companion to Ethics

edited by Peter Singer

Overview:

47 philosophers survey ethics. Well organised collection of essays, good content listing and two level index.
I The Roots: looking back to, and beyond, the earliest documented ethical systems
II The Great Ethical Traditions: overviews of Indian, Buddhist, Chinese, Jewish, Christian and Islamic ethics.
III Western Philosophical Ethics: A Short History from ancient Greece through Medieval and Renaissance ethics to modern moral philosophy.
IV How Ought I to Live? Ten theories that attempt to answer the fundamental practical questions of ethics.
V Applications The application of ethical reasoning to 12 specific areas of practical concern.
VI The Nature of Ethics 10 essays on meta-ethics addressing methodological or epistemological issues concerning ethics
VII Challenge and Critique A rag bag of challenges to, or problems for, ethical systems.

The Roots:

  • looking back to, and beyond, the earliest documented ethical systems
1 The origin of ethics:
2 Ethics in small scale societies:
3 Ancient ethics:

The Great Ethical Traditions:

  • overviews of Indian, Buddhist, Chinese, Jewish, Christian and Islamic ethics.
4 Indian ethics:
5 Buddhist ethics:
6 Classical Chinese ethics:
7 Jewish ethics:
8 Christian ethics:
9 Islamic ethics:

Western Philosophical Ethics: A Short History

  • from ancient Greece through Medieval and Renaissance ethics to modern moral philosophy.
10 Ethics in ancient Greece:
11 Medieval and Renaissance ethics:
12 Modern moral philosophy:

How Ought I to Live?

Theories that attempt to answer the fundamental practical questions of ethics.
13 Natural law:
14 Kantian ethics:
15 The social contract tradition:
16 Egoism:
17 Contemporary deontology:
18 An ethic of prima facie duties:
19 Consequentialism:
20 Utility and the good:
21 Virtue theory:
22 Rights:

Applications:

The application of ethical reasoning to specific areas of practical concern.
23 World poverty:
24 Environmental ethics:
25 Euthanasia:
26 Abortion:
27 Sex:
28 Personal relationships:
29 Equality, discrimination and preferential treatment:
30 Animals:
31 Business ethics:
32 Crime and punishment:
33 Politics and :
34 :

The Nature of Ethics:

Essays on meta-ethics, addressing methodological or epistemological issues concerning ethics.
35 Realism:
36 Intuitionism:
37 Naturalism:
38 Subjectivism:
39 Relativism:
40 Universal prescriptivism:
41 Morality and psychological development:
42 Method and moral theory:

Challenge and Critique:

A rag bag of challenges to, or problems for, ethical systems.
43 The idea of a female ethic:
44 The significance of evolution:
45 Marx against morality:
46 How could ethics depend on religion?
47 The implications of determinism:


© RBJ created 1998/01/18 modified 1998/01/19